Diseases of the osteomuscular system
What is the role of biobanks?
Biobanks (also known as biological resource centers) are entities responsible for the management of human biological samples specimen and their associated data. These structures can collect and preserve biological samples of muscular and articular system of patients in the form of samples inventory.
Osteoarticular and muscular diseases and disorders affect the muscular system and body’s joints. They can cause severe pain, weakness and even paralysis.
These pathologies include a large group of conditions affecting the smooth, cardiac and skeletal muscles as well as the nerves that control them and the articulations. They may be primary and therefore be the direct result of muscular abnormalities such as polymyositis, or secondary to another disease that has damaged the muscular and articular system.
Several factors may cause these disorders such as injuries, overuse (cramps, sprains, tendonitis, dislocation), genetic disorders (muscular dystrophies), cancers, inflammation (myositis, arthritis), bacterial and viral infections and certain medications.
Biobanks store and collect biological samples from patients with musculoskeletal disorders. Some of them are made available for research: nucleic acid extractions, tissue and organ blocks, blood and its derivatives etc.
What are the advantages of using a biobank for musculoskeletal disorder sample needs?
Setting up a biological collection and preparing samples for a clinical project
Save time in the experimentation phase
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Setting up a collection of biological samples
After a biopsy, or other procedure to retrieve a human sample, a sample may be retained, with the patient's consent, for research purposes.
Storage of clinical samples
The samples, after collection, must be stored under certain conditions, depending on their type and shelf life, to allow for their viability.