Diseases of the central nervous system (CNS)
What is the role of biobanks?
Biobanks (also known as biological resource centers) are entities responsible for the management of biological samples and their associated data. These structures can collect and preserve biological samples from patients with neurological diseases in the form of samples inventory.
Neurological diseases are numerous. They include neurodegenerative, psychiatric and other diseases affecting the central nervous system (encephalon and spinal cord) or peripheral nervous system.
Neurodegenerative diseases cause progressive destruction of certain neurons such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and multiple sclerosis. Psychiatric diseases represent mental disorders such as depression, anxiety disorders, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and addictions. Some neurological pathologies are neither neurodegenerative nor psychiatric, such as chronic pain, epilepsy, language disorders, autism spectrum disorders and intellectual disabilities.
In order to support research in neurology, biobanks make samples of sick patients available. In these collections you may find cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), fixed or frozen brain parts or blood and its derivatives.
What are the advantages of using a biobank for neurological sample needs?
Setting up a biological collection and preparing samples for a clinical project
Save time in the experimentation phase
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Setting up a collection of biological samples
After a biopsy, or other procedure to retrieve a human sample, a sample may be retained, with the patient's consent, for research purposes.
Storage of clinical samples
The samples, after collection, must be stored under certain conditions, depending on their type and shelf life, to allow for their viability.