What is the role of biobanks?
Biobanks (also known as biological resource centers) are entities responsible for the management of human biological samples specimen and their associated data. These structures can collect and preserve biological samples of hearing disease in the form of samples inventory.
Hearing diseases represent all the pathologies affecting the components of the ear. They may be due to infections, genetics or aging, and may cause hearing disorders such as a decrease in hearing acuity, tinnitus or hearing loss.
Microorganisms (bacteria, fungi, viruses) that can infect the ear may induce ear infections such as infectious myringitis and otitis externa. Some hearing diseases are more common with age, such as cholesteatoma, while others are age-related, such as presbycusis and age-related hearing degeneration.
Biobanks collect and store biological samples from patients with hearing diseases. Some samples are made available for research: nucleic acid extractions, tissue blocks and organs, etc.
What are the advantages of using a biobank for hearing disease sample needs?
Setting up a biological collection and preparing samples for a clinical project
Save time in the experimentation phase
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Setting up a collection of biological samples
After a biopsy, or other procedure to retrieve a human sample, a sample may be retained, with the patient's consent, for research purposes.
Storage of clinical samples
The samples, after collection, must be stored under certain conditions, depending on their type and shelf life, to allow for their viability.