Eye and vision diseases
What is the role of biobanks?
Biobanks (also known as biological resource centers) are entities responsible for the management of biological samples and their associated data. These structures can collect and preserve biological samples of eye disease in the form of samples inventory.
Eye diseases represent all the pathologies affecting the components of the eye and the vision. They may be due to infections, genetics or aging, and may cause vision disorders such as a decrease in visual acuity, blurred vision, double vision or distorted vision.
Microorganisms (bacteria, fungi, viruses) that can infect the eye may induce eye infections such as conjunctivitis and keratitis. Some eye diseases are more common with age, such as glaucoma and cataracts, while others are age-related, such as presbyopia and age-related macular degeneration (AMD).
Biobanks collect and store biological samples from patients with eye diseases. Some samples are made available for research: nucleic acid extractions, tissue blocks and organs, etc.
What are the advantages of using a biobank for eye disease sample needs?
Setting up a biological collection and preparing samples for a clinical project
Save time in the experimentation phase
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Setting up a collection of biological samples
After a biopsy, or other procedure to retrieve a human sample, a sample may be retained, with the patient's consent, for research purposes.
Storage of clinical samples
The samples, after collection, must be stored under certain conditions, depending on their type and shelf life, to allow for their viability.